Swollen eyelids are mostly caused by water retention in the eye area. Seek out the causes, symptoms and treatment of swollen eyelid below.
Eye and surrounding areas of eye are very delicate and so a slightest discomfort in that area can be very troublesome. Swollen eyelid or eyelid swelling is one such condition that not only makes it difficult for the person to see, but is also quite irritating. It also makes washing of the face troublesome. Unfortunately, most of the people have to deal with a swollen eyelid at some point in their life. Eyelid swelling is, sometimes, escorted by slight discharge from the corner of the eye. Eyelid swelling can become serious if it is not treated properly and quickly. It causes discomfort, embarrassment, impaired vision and difficulties when cleanser or make-up, touching or rubbing applied.
In most eyelid cases, puffy, tender and red swelling of upper and/or lower eyelid is generally a sign of an infection. Generally, both the eyelids are distended but sometimes only one eyelid can distend. Redness of eyes, discharge of liquid from the corner of the eye, itching sensation, formation of scales on the eyelids, etc. are the indication of swollen eyelids. Painful and non-painful are two types of eyelid swelling. The possible causes of both types of eyelids are as follows:
Causes of a Swollen Eyelid:
For Painful swollen eyelids:
- Conjunctivitis: The protective membrane lining the eyelids and uncovered regions of the eyeball called conjunctiva, get swollen, itchy and red.
- Orbital Cellulitis: It is a rare condition that involves an infection of the tissues surrounding the eyes.
- Chalazion: It grows away from the edge of the eyelid resembling a stye, caused by eye duct blockage developed in the eye’s lubricating glands.
- Blepharitis: The inflammation of the eye margin mostly caused by a bacterial infection or a skin disorder.
- Styes: Caused by bacterial infections that occurs in the sweat or oil producing glands at the base of the eyelashes. Also, it can be escorted by pus, swelling, and redness.
- Infections: These can range from bacterial to virus infections, and can be caused by several different things ranging from allergies to chemicals.
For non-painful swollen eyelids:
- Sinuses: Water retention or allergies can cause sinuses to become irritated.
- Contact lenses or Solutions: Dirty lenses or certain types of cleaning solutions can contribute to swollen eyelids.
- Allergies: Known or unknown allergies.
- Gland Blockage: Result of overproduction of fluids within the eye or an infection.
Symptoms of swollen eyelids:
- Loss of Eyelashes
- Scale Formation
- Facial Swelling
Treatment of Painful Swollen Eyelid:
People may or may not want to seek medical attention depending on the severity and reason for swollen eyelid. Some people know exactly the cause (generally allergen-based) of the swollenness because they are in tune with their bodies. However, for some people, the swelling arise as a surprise and so treatment options may be unknown.
Home remedies for Painful Swollen Eyelid:
Warmth is the only thing that will help to draw out a sty from the eye. Create a paste with a single clove with adding a just adequate water to get a pasty solution. You can rub this on a flat surface to form a fine paste. Apply the resultant paste on the top of the eyelid just close to where the swelling is take place. When you apply this on eyelid, be very careful that this does not get into the eye as it will then burn very defectively in eye. Some sort of a small particle will be carefully detached by a doctor. Do not try this yourself as it may damage the eye at end. If you can see something in your eye with the naked eye then it is not advisable to remove with hands. You can try some splash of cold water into the eye directly and this should be helpful in getting it out. Consult physician if the inflammation persists for more than a week after trying these things.
Other Treatments for Painful Swollen Eyelid:
First of all, avoid touching, rubbing or staring at the swelling. Avoid staring at the swollen eyelid because it will only lead to touching and rubbing and so stay out of the mirror and avoid the temptation. Also, avoid doing make-up including powders as particles of them can fly through the air and irritate your eyelids even more. Attempt to use cucumbers and a cold cloth twice a day. You can also use gauze pads which are previously soaked in milk to reduce the swelling in and around your eyes. Some Over-the-counter drugs like antihistamines and/or eye drops can also help to reduce pain and swelling.
Your doctor will perhaps prescribe you an antihistamine, special eye drop, or an ointment to treat the swelling (depending on the cause) if you select to seek medical attention. If eyelids are caused by an infection, then your doctor may prescribe you antibiotics.
Tips to reduce swollen eyelids:
- Place chilled and sliced cucumber over your closed eyelids for ten minutes. The high silicon and water content as well as the ascorbic acid and caffeic acid help to decrease water retention, while moisturizing the delicate skin when applied topically.
- Before going to bed at night, always remove all eye makeup to keep the glands in the eyelids from becoming blocked. Change your makeup brands or switching to a mineral-based makeup if you continue to suffer from swollen eyes.
- Drink enough water. When your body becomes dehydrated, it begins to retain water and can cause the skin around the eyes to swell.
- Cut down on your salt intake because excess salt in your diet will cause water retention and can mark as puffiness around your eyes, where the skin is thin and delicate.
- Use a pillow when you sleep because keeping your head elevated above your body dejects fluid from collecting in the eye area at night. Sleep on your back whenever possible.
- Prepare cold tea bags by soaking them in cold water for fifteen minutes and pressing out the excess liquid. Place them on your eyes for ten minutes. Also, you can save cold tea bags in your refrigerator for later use after removing them from your morning cup of tea. Both black and green tea contains caffeine as well as tannic acid which help to remove swelling and water retention. Chamomile tea is particularly recommended of the herbal variety, as of its gentle and calming properties and antioxidants content of that decrease inflammation.
- Immerse a cotton pad in ice water and squeeze out lightly. Place this cotton pad over your closed eyelids for up to ten minutes at a time. The cold will help to constrict your blood vessels of eyes and so decrease swelling.