Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is activated by a traumatic event. Post traumatic stress disorder is a type of anxiety disorder. When one experience or witness an event that causes intense fear, helplessness or horror then Post traumatic disorder develops. Traumatic events that may activate PTSD include violent personal assaults, natural or human-caused disasters, accidents or military combat. Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms, causes, treatments and other related information are given as follows.
Post Tramatic Stress disorder Symptoms:
Within three months of a traumatic event, symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder typically begin. Symptoms of Post-traumatic stress disorder are commonly grouped into three types: intrusive memories, avoidance and numbing, and increased anxiety or emotional arousal.
Intrusive memories Symptoms:
- Upsetting dreams about the traumatic event
- Flashbacks, or reliving the traumatic event for minutes or even days at a time
Avoidance and emotional numbing Symptoms:
- Hopelessness about the future
- Trying to avoid thinking or talking about the traumatic event
- Feeling emotionally numb
- Trouble concentrating
- Avoiding activities you once enjoyed
- Difficulty maintaining close relationships
- Memory problems
Anxiety and increased emotional arousal Symptoms:
- Hearing or seeing things that aren’t there
- Trouble sleeping
- Irritability or anger
- Self-destructive behavior, such as drinking too much
- Overwhelming guilt or shame
- Being easily startled or frightened
During times of higher stress or when you experience reminders of what you went through, you may hear a car backfire and relive combat experiences, for instance. Or you may see a report on the news about a rape, and feel again the horror and fear of your own assault; one can suffer from this disease. Post traumatic stress disorder’s symptoms can come and go.
Post Tramatic Stress disorder Causes:
Post traumatic stress disorder causes are in researches, PTSD is probably caused by a complex mix of:
- The way your brain regulates the chemicals and hormones your body releases in response to stress
- The inherited aspects of your personality — often called your temperament
- Your life experiences, including the amount and severity of trauma you’ve been exposed to since early childhood
- Inherited predisposition to psychiatric illness, especially anxiety and depression
Post Tramatic Stress disorder Test and diagnosis:
Post traumatic stress disorder Diagnosis is based on its symptoms and a thorough psychological evaluation. You must meet criteria spelled out in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), to be diagnosed with PTSD.
Post traumatic stress disorder’s Criteria:
- Your symptoms last longer than one month
- You relive experiences of the event, such as having distressing images and memories, upsetting dreams, flashbacks, or even physical reactions
- You feel as if you’re constantly on guard or alert for signs of danger, which may make you have trouble sleeping or concentrating
- You try to avoid situations or things that remind you of the traumatic event or feel a sense of emotional numbness
- The symptoms cause significant distress in your life or interfere with your ability to go about your normal daily tasks You experienced or witnessed an event that involved death or serious injury, or the threat of death or serious injury
- Your response to the event involved intense fear, horror or a sense of helplessness
Post Tramatic Stress disorder Treatment and drug:
Treatment of Post-traumatic stress disorder can be very effective and help you regain a sense of control over your life. You feel better about yourself and learn ways to cope if any symptoms arise again, with successful post-traumatic stress disorder treatment.
Medications and psychotherapy both kinds are included in Post-traumatic stress disorder treatment.
Post Tramatic Stress disorder Medication:
Post traumatic stress disorder symptoms get better by several types of medication. For treatment of depression and anxiety, “Antidepressants” can help, sleep problems and concentration can improve from this kind of medication. To improve feelings of anxiety and stress, there are Anti-anxiety medications. A drug called prazosin may help in symptoms include recurrent nightmares.
To treat both children and adults with post-traumatic stress disorder several forms of therapy may be used. According to symptoms of PTSD, therapy can use.
Some types of therapy used in PTSD treatment include:
- Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR): This type of therapy combines exposure therapy with a series of guided eye movements that help you process traumatic memories.
- Cognitive behavior therapy: This approach combines cognitive and behavior therapy to help you to identify unhealthy beliefs and behaviors and replace them with positive ones.
- Cognitive therapy: This type of talk therapy helps you to identify and change self-destructive thought (cognitive) patterns.
- Exposure therapy: This behavioral therapy technique helps you safely confront the very thing that you find upsetting or disturbing, so that you can learn to cope effectively with it.
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