The Social Security Administration (SSA) was created in the 1930s and the federal governments commanded that all legal residents and citizens must have a valid social security card. The importance of improving the legal foundation and mechanism for implementing public policies in the social security sphere was shown by experience of developed countries, including the USA.
In the United States, the basis for the development of social security office location became the Social Security Act 1935, supplying for compulsory pension insurance for old age and disability, medical assistance program for needy children, elderly persons with disabilities; assistance from the federal budget for children living in low-income families or single parent or relatives; financial assistance from the federal budget to the blind, complete and permanent disabilities, unemployment insurance, financial assistance to states for maternal and child health.
About 85 per cent of Americans represent a broad economic category, called “middle class”, means that a person either works in a factory, a store manager or a qualified professional – a teacher or health worker. Police officers, farmers and salesmen are also belong to this category. On the economic ladder, above this middle class are very rich people and below this are the poor ones. It is rather difficult to identify the poverty in the USA.
All fifty states conduct their own outreach programs with the addition of federal government programs. Assistance program to the poor include:
- Medicare – free medical care and hospitalization
- Social security benefits – monthly amount paid by the State to those whose income does not provide such basic needs as food, shelter and clothing
- School meals – free breakfasts and lunches for schoolchildren
- Grocery coupons – a little book of special stamps are available to purchase products in any store
- The distribution of food surplus – in the framework of this program, the government is buying up a huge number of food products and distributes them free to poor families
Additionally, there is a subsidized housing program for the poor people and not just the poor, families in houses built from the budget. Government agencies also supply the content houses, paying for staff, repairs and heating. Sometimes, the poor housed in private apartments or in hotels at government expense in the absence of public housing, not homeless.
You can contact your local Social Security office for questions about eligibility, coverage and payment for Medicare, Medicaid and other government funded care programs.
If you require an appointment or to speak to a service representative, call Social Security’s toll-free number, 1-800-772-1213, Monday through Friday between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m. (Eastern time).