The mostly responsible substance for causing soy allergies is soy protein that present in soy bean. At least 15 allergens are present in soy protein. These days many products contain soy protein and flavoring additives. Soy allergy symptoms are more common in infants and small children. But, soy allergies are becoming more and more common in adults today. Soy protein added to baby foods also causes soy allergy to babies.
Symptoms of Soy Allergy:
Within an hour of intake, the Soy allergy symptoms may begin after ingesting it. The main soy allergy symptoms are as follows.
Common Signs and Symptoms: Reactions which may be uncomfortable but not serious
- Stomach pain
- Nausea or vomiting
- Shortness of breath runny nose
- chest tightness
- breathing difficulties
A reaction to a soy product can last as long as 48 hours. Other allergic reactions of soy allergy may also produce a tingling of the lips or face, throat or tongue or even conjunctivitis, commonly known as pink eye.
More Serious Signs and Symptoms:
- Anaphylaxis: This systemic allergic reaction affects areas throughout the body. It is quite rare form of soy allergy symptoms and mostly found in those children who have asthma. The signs of anaphylaxis are rapid pulse rate, drop in blood pressure, fever, swelling or a lump in the throat that makes breathing or swallowing extremely difficult, loss of consciousness, etc.
- Digestive Problems: After the intake of the food, the baby will throw up all of the meal. The symptoms of digestive problem include diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.
- Breathing Difficulty: Sometimes it often affects the breathing of the baby. If the condition gets serious, then it can lead to wheezing and asthma. If there is a swelling or lump inside the throat, then also it can cause shortness of breath. Though, it is a more severe condition an emergency medical attention is needed in such cases.
- Ear Infection: It is related to the breathing problem. When the breathing passage gets blocked, the ears are unable to drain out. As a result, ear infection is developed.
- Skin Rash: Due to the swelling on various parts of the body like lips, face, throat and even in tongue, skin races occurs. It is followed by itching of the skin. Ultimately, hives or eczema rashes start appearing all over the body and cause a lot of discomfort to the child.
Treatment to Reduce Soy Allergy Symptoms:
Mild soy allergy symptoms does not require any treatment and only avoiding soy products will be enough to keep them in check. But, when the symptoms of soy allergy are serious then treated it with antihistamines medicines. To reduce the intense itching sensation, application of ice has been proved to be extremely helpful. Do not rub the ice cubes directly on the skin but wrap it up with a soft towel and rub it all over the skin till the ice melts out. Creams and ointments with aloe vera are also used to heal up the skin rashes.
To prevent soy allergy symptoms, the only way is to avoid soy products. Parents need to be extra careful while buying the infant formula and baby food in order to ensure buying of soy free food products only.